Global Health Risks - Updated WEEK 15, 2019

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Stay vigilant & healthy as you journey Perpetual Traveller's

Health Risks for...


---------- Week 15. 2019 ----------


China
Measles vaccination continued at the Hong Kong International Airport
Authorities have established vaccination stations for airport staff. Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads from person-to-person via infected droplets. Outbreaks occur frequently in under-vaccinated populations. Common symptoms include fever, cough and a characteristic rash. Measles can result in serious complications, particularly when very young children, the elderly or pregnant women are infected. All travellers should ensure that they are fully immunised against measles.


India
Seasonal flu outbreaks continue
Influenza is a viral illness, causing a sudden fever, cough, headache, weakness and muscular pains. Most cases are mild although some can be severe or even fatal. Pregnant women, adults over 65 and young children are at higher risk of severe illness. Prevention is through vaccination and attention to hygiene.


Thailand
Air Pollution in Northern Thailand
High levels of air pollution ongoing in Chiang Mai. High levels of air pollution have been recorded in the northern parts of the country including Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai. Polluted air can cause symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and irritation of the eyes and nose. Young children, the elderly, pregnant women and people with underlying heart and lung disease (high-risk groups) are particularly vulnerable. To lessen the risk of potential health problems, reduce exposure by decreasing time and physical activity outdoors. For more information visit the International SOS Air Pollution website.


United States
Measles clusters in New York State
New York City declares public health emergency and mandates vaccination in some areas. Cases reported in Westchester County. Ongoing measles cases are being reported in areas of New York State including parts of New York City and Rockland and Westchester Counties. Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads from person-to-person via infected droplets. Outbreaks occur frequently in under-vaccinated populations. Common symptoms include fever, cough and a characteristic rash. Measles can result in serious complications, particularly when very young children, the elderly or pregnant women are infected. All travellers should ensure that they are fully immunised against measles.



---------- Week 13. 2019 ----------


India
Seasonal flu

Seasonal flu outbreaks continue.Influenza season continues, with many due to an A(H1N1) strain. Influenza is a viral illness, causing a sudden fever, cough, headache, weakness and muscular pains. Most cases are mild although some can be severe or even fatal. Pregnant women, adults over 65 and young children are at higher risk of severe illness. Prevention is through vaccination and attention to hygiene.

Lithuania
Measles outbreak

An increase in measles cases has been reported nationwide including in Kaunas and the capital, Vilnius.Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads from person-to-person via infected droplets. Outbreaks occur frequently in under-vaccinated populations. Common symptoms include fever, cough and a characteristic rash. Measles can result in serious complications, particularly when very young children, the elderly or pregnant women are infected.



---------- Week 12. 2019 ----------

Malawi
Health implications following Cyclone Idai
Cyclone Idai and associated heavy rains have led to extensive damage and flooding in parts of the country. Hardest hit are Chikwawa, Machinga, Mangochi, Nsanje and Phalombe districts in the Southern region.Infrastructure damage has occurred including power, communications and health facilities. Food and safe drinking water may be limited. Increased health risks posed by the flood waters include injury, diarrhoeal diseases, skin infections, insect-borne diseases. Defer non-essential travel to affected areas. Monitor this alert and the Travel Security Online advisory.


Zimbabwe

Health implications following Cyclone Idai
Cyclone Idai and associated heavy rains have led to extensive damage and flooding in parts of the country. A state of disaster has been declared in parts of Manicaland province (Chimanimani, Chipinge, Mutare and Nyanga districts.) The number of injuries and fatalities is expected to rise. Infrastructure damage has occurred including power, communications and health facilities. Food and safe drinking water may be limited. Increased health risks posed by the flood waters include injury, diarrhoeal diseases, skin infections, insect-borne diseases. Defer non-essential travel to affected areas. Monitor this alert and the Travel Security Online advisor




---------- Week 11. 2019 ----------

Malaysia
Hazardous Gases in Pasir Gudang area, Johor Bahru

Low levels of hydrogen cyanide detected in air samples. Potentially hazardous gases, possibly related to a chemical spill, have been detected in the Pasir Gudang area of Johor Bahru. Thousands of people have suffered ill health requiring hospitalisation. All schools, kindergartens and nurseries in the district have been closed. International SOS is monitoring the situation and will update this alert as information becomes available. Anyone within five kilometres of the affected area should follow the advice of local authorities. Avoid clean-up areas and any recreational activities around the Kim Kim River. If you develop symptoms, seek medical help.

Philippines
Measles outbreak

Outbreak ongoing.An outbreak of measles is underway across the country. Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads from person-to-person via infected droplets. Outbreaks occur frequently in under-vaccinated populations. Common symptoms include fever, cough and a characteristic rash. Measles can result in serious complications, particularly when very young children, the elderly or pregnant women are infected. All travellers should ensure that they are fully immunised against measles.

Thailand
Air Pollution in Northern Thailand

High levels of air pollution have been recorded in the northern parts of the country including Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai. Polluted air can cause symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and irritation of the eyes and nose. Young children, the elderly, pregnant women and people with underlying heart and lung disease (high-risk groups) are particularly vulnerable. To lessen the risk of potential health problems, reduce exposure by decreasing time and physical activity outdoors. For more information visit the International SOS Air Pollution website.

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